Rabu, 20 Februari 2013


Every complete sentence contains two parts: a subject and predicate.
The subject is what (or whom) the sentence is about. It can be NOUN or PRONOUN that identifies the person, place, thing, or idea.
The predicate tells something about the subject (tells what the subject is doing or being). It is usually in the form of VERB.
Look at the following sentences!
Jody runs.
Jody and her dog run on the beach every morning.
Lara helps her mother in the kitchen.
(can you tell me which is the subject and which is the predicate?)
Compound Subject and Compound Predicate

A  sentence also has a compound  subject if it has two or more connected subjects that share the same verb.
A compound verb consists of two or more connected verb or verb phrases that share the same subject. Coordinating conjunctions (
and, or, but) are used to join the compound series.

Look at the following sentences!
Joanie and I jog every afternoon.
Holly, ivy, and mistletoe are popular winter decorations.
Volunteers wash and dry  the dishes at the senior citizen’s center.
We plotted a one-mile course and faithfully follow it.
Rosemary and her dog have become overweight but still do not exercise.
Based on the type of the object they take, verb can be grouped into three kinds: transitive verb, intransitive verb, and linking verb.
The meaning of a transitive verb is incomplete without a direct object. In other word, a transitive verb  is a verb that requires an object to complete the meaning.
intransitive verb , on the other hand, cannot take a direct object.
linking verb connects a subject and its complement. Sometimes called copulas, linking verbs are often forms of the verb to be, but are sometimes related to the five senses (look, sound, smell, feel, taste), and sometimes verbs that somehow reflect a state of being (appear, seem, become, grow, turn, prove, remain) 
Transitive Verb
The child broke  the plate.
The committee named  a new chairperson.
bites  his victims on the neck.

Intransitive Verb
The baby cries  loudly.   Davy listened  to the radio.
must leave  now.

Linking Verb
Those people
are all professors.
This room
smells bad.
became older.
Compound Subject and Compound Predicate


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